Luyendyk's average was 236.986 with a best lap of 237.498. The Fast 9 Shootout to determine the pole victor is scheduled for 5 p.m., with each of the nine drivers assured of getting one attempt.
"When they said that we have only one shot today that created a little bit of stress for everyone on the team, but I had the vehicle to be confident and to push all four laps. I still miss more laps, but we will try to make the most of it on Friday with the more power we have and try to learn from that".
Japan's Takuma Sato drove daringly close to the walls and wound up finishing at 231.365.
Neither had enough to keep Dixon from becoming the fifth three-time pole victor in 500 history.
The four-time Indy auto champion ranks sixth all-time with 36 wins, but Bourdais has never qualified or finished better than seventh in six previous Indianapolis 500 starts.
A two-time World Champion, the Spaniard will not race around the streets of Monte Carlo for the first time since 2002.
"The pole is its own race here; its own weekend".
"Back in 2008 we won from the pole so hopefully we can replicate that here". After a slow start during the practice session, Alonso seems to have caught up with the way everything works at the Indy 500 as he managed a fourth place finish in the fourth practice session.
"It's what this season has been for us so far", Bourdais said on Friday.
Juan Pablo Montoya had the fastest Chevrolet in practice. "This season has started off great and good points today as well".
Ganassi got Dixon and Tony Kanaan, the 2013 Indy champ, into the shootout.
The ultimate test won't come until May 28, but Fernando Alonso is doing a lot to prove his bid for the Indianapolis 500 is worthy of the hype.
That was just 0.4mph slower than the day's pace-setter, Ed Carpenter, who took P1 with a 230.468 miles per hour.
The 10-33 positions were set earlier today. But it sure wasn't easy.
Teammate Ryan Hunter-Reay, the 2014 Indy victor, finished among the five fastest each of the four days he turned laps. "It was white knuckles the whole time".
"It has been a fantastic week of running", he added, "a fantastic week of different experiences, running alone, high boost, low boost; every lap feels different". After an initial attempt at correcting the slide, his Dale Coyne Racing Honda turned hard right and hit the SAFER Barrier almost head-on, then rolled down the track before coming to a stop upright.
The speed charts saw various drivers make an appearance near the top this week, including Andretti and Karam, though both drivers battled to find the top of the chart on Friday.
The 38-year-old Bourdais suffered multiple fractures in his pelvis and a fractured right hip in a frightening crash during qualifying Saturday.
Sato ended Saturday qualifying second fastest, and was therefore the penultimate driver to take to the track during the "Fast 9 Shootout".