The Trump budget makes the caps even tighter, allowing them to rise only at the general rate of inflation for consumer prices as a whole.
Democratic lawmakers are pressing Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin (mih-NOO'-shin) on the administration's forthcoming tax overhaul proposal.
Education Secretary Betsy DeVos is defending the Trump administration's proposal to slash funding for key K-12 and higher education programs while promoting school choice.
White House Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney on Thursday testified that the Trump administration does not believe $1.4 trillion worth of cuts it is proposing for Medicaid would affect children, the disabled or the elderly.
Trump on Tuesday released a 10-year budget plan containing jarring, politically unrealistic cuts to the social safety net and a broad swath of domestic programs. In other words - a cruelty wrapped in a lie."What we are doing is growing Medicaid more slowly over the 10-year budget window than the Congressional Budget Office says that we should or says that we will under current law", Mulvaney said. "The Bible says you can't build a house on a sandy foundation".
"There's no scintilla of evidence, certainly over the past 25 years, that tax cuts are responsible for stimulating economic growth", he said. Trying to balance the budget isn't in the plan on Capitol Hill, but conservative Republicans are pushing for some action this year on spending cuts. "It assumes that the stars perfectly align with regard to economic drivers".
The president produces a budget as reckless as his campaign promises, if not more so.
Experts and journalists quickly noted the absurdity of Trump's projections in their coverage of the budget request.
Casey carries a much different perspective than Mulvaney. Republican leaders insisted on food stamp cuts in the 2014 farm bill, and the House passed legislation that would have strengthened work requirements and cut 5 percent.
"It dismantles our nation's basic living standards, which Americans have turned to for decades", she said.
"It's never happened", Sanford said. Of course, that doesn't include the unfunded long-term liabilities from financially insolvent programs like Medicaid and Social Security.
"We have to avoid the temptation of giving the president everything he wants, because if we gave him everything he wanted into writing we couldn't enact it", Cole said.
Perdue had no defense: "I think your comments are essentially irrefutable", he said.
"We have seen promise after promise just broken, as if they didn't even matter", Schumer said in a speech on the Senate floor. Lawmakers from both parties have said major changes will be needed as the measure moves through Congress. Clark replied, "I am shocked".
Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly defended proposed budget cuts to state and local grant programs and a proposal to spend more than $2.7 billion to add thousands of new immigration jail beds despite steep declines of arrests along the Mexican border.
The budget also slashes funding for other low-income assistance programs, the State Department, worldwide aid and the Department of Education.
"If it's important enough for us to have then we should be paying for it, because right now my unborn grandchildren are going to be paying for it", Mulvaney said.
The budget includes $6.3 billion for advanced cost-sharing reduction subsidies for fiscal 2018, payments that would be made to health insurers to cover deductibles and other out-of-pocket expenses for low-income Obamacare enrollees.
Public health groups are likewise raising alarm bells over the $1.2 billion cut proposed for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as well as the proposal to eliminate funding for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Meanwhile, Medicare and Medicaid fraud prevention efforts would receive a $70 million increase next year. He suggested that in future budgets that may not be the case.